Saturday, August 23, 2014

Héctor Germán Oesterheld: A Desinformação Continua, Também Em Portugal

Na barbárie em que irremediavelmente megulhámos no século XXI a banda desenhada só é falada nos meios de comunicação de massas pelas piores razões. A regra é simples: só se fala do que vende... e a banda desenhada pura e simplesmente não vende. A não ser que esteja ligada ao cinema (e se for ao cinema comercial, tanto melhor...).

É por isso que o mais do que medíocre Sin City da mais do que medíocre dupla Rodriguez / Miller faz hoje capa da revista "Actual" do jornal Expresso. (Excurso retrospectivo: Sábado, 1 de Dezembro de 1990, "Expresso, a Revista", pp. 103-R a 106-R: "João Bénard da Costa: Dos Filmes e da Vida" - quando neste semanário ainda se falava de cinema a sério; há muito tempo, portanto...)

Mas não é para falar disto, que só merece o meu desprezo e o meu silêncio, que escrevo estas linhas. É que quem de direito lembrou-se de que, afinal, Sin City começou por ser uma série de banda desenhada (na revista Dark Horse Presents da editora Dark Horse, já agora...) e resolveu activar o seu há muito desactivado crítico de banda desenhada de serviço (ou deveria escrever: "crítico de BD"?), João Paiva Boléo. O texto deste é reverente quanto baste para com os patrões, mas não deixa, felizmente, de mencionar o voyeurismo e a violência que não têm nada de gratuito, antes indicam uma ideologia machista e de extrema direita.

Mas, passons, como disse e repito Sin City só merece o meu desprezo e o meu silêncio. Onde João Paiva Boléo borra a pintura é na última frase onde cita "Alack Sinner" (Muñoz e Sampayo), "Corto Maltese" (H. Pratt) e "Mort Cinder" (A. Breccia). A. Breccia? A sério? E porque carga de água é que "Alack Sinner" é, e bem, de Muñoz e Sampayo enquanto "Mort Cinder" é de A. Breccia? E Oesterheld, onde está? Os críticos de banda desenhada europeus teimam não só em não reconhecer o maior argumentista da história da banda desenhada (campo restrito) como tal, mas, pior: por uma estranha razão (a que Ugo Pratt está longe de ser alheio) tendem a obliterá-lo completamente e a despossuí-lo daquilo que genial e genuinamente criou.

Héctor Germán Oesterheld (e), Alberto Breccia (d), Misterix # 719, 24 de Agosto de 1962.

Saturday, August 16, 2014

On Stagecoaches and Indian Attacks, Again! Can the Indians Attack a Stagecoach Successfully In a Sea of Eurocentric Mass Media Formulaic Products?...

...They can, at the hands of a truly great writer like James Edgar. If the result of the attack was drawn by a truly great artist like Tony Weare, it's the icing on top of the cake!

James Edgar (w), Tony Weare (a), "Shannon Gunfighter," published in the [London] Evening News on October 19,1961 (Photo by 
Jorge Machado-Dias).

A repro made in Italy (why did they change the caption place, though?...), Matt Marriott di Tony Weare [no need for the scriptwriter's name to appear, of course! Sigh!...], Edizioni Camillo Conti, November 1978.

Saturday, August 9, 2014

Stagecoach: a Quick Note

The least we can say is that John Ford was faithful to his movie sites. Monument Valley comes immediately to mind, of course, but what about Beale's Cut?

John Ford (d), Bert Glennon (p), Stagecoach, Walter Wanger, 1939.

John Ford (d), George Scott (p), Straight Shooting, Universal, 1917.

John Ford (d), George Schneiderman (p), The Iron Horse, Fox, 1924. Beale's Cut is "playing" Brandon's Pass.

Here's an interesting site about the Cut as a filming location.

Friday, August 8, 2014

Héctor Germán Oesterheld's Swipe FIle - Part 2

I continue to notice how John Ford's films influenced Héctor Germán Oesterheld's scripts for some of "Sgt. Kirk"'s sequences. A rhetorical question comes to my mind, though: was it possible, in 1953, to avoid John Ford's influence when depicting Indians attacking a stagecoach? It was, at least if we are talking about different media like film and comics. In this post I will compare Hugo Pratt's panels with frames from Stagecoach, but, first, let's compare Pratt with Pratt:

Héctor Germán Oesterheld (w) and Hugo Pratt (a), "Rastros de fuego" [fire tracks], Misterix # 238, April 10, 1953 (page 72 of the series).

Héctor Germán Oesterheld (w) and Hugo Pratt (a): the same panel as published in the Portuguese version of the Mondadori album (Originally published in Sgt. Kirk # 5, November, 1967).

As you can see the 1967 version is a lot more cramped than the 1953 one (somehow the stagecoach travels faster in the first example: the rocks and the panel border on the left squeeze it in the second version). The tree on the right side of the panel helps to underline what Oesterheld wrote on the caption (once again, said caption was completely destroyed by Pratt in his Sgt. Kirk version): 
As a matter of fact, appearing as if from inside a surprise box...
On the other hand in John Ford's sequence the entrance of the Apaches isn't half as spectacular (see below):

John Ford (d), Bert Glennon (p), Stagecoach, Walter Wanger, 1939.

During the attack John Ford (d), Otto Lovering (e), Dorothy Spencer (e), Walter Reynolds (e), do cross-cuttings between the interior and the exterior of the stagecoach. Oesterheld and Pratt do cross-cuttings between the attack (we never see the stagecoach's interior) and Maha, Kirk, and five more Tchatogas, who are watching from a distance (they participate in the action at the end, when the stagecoach reaches them). 

Hugo Pratt drew a couple more spectacular images of the chase (see below):

Héctor Germán Oesterheld (w) and Hugo Pratt (a), "Rastros de fuego" [fire tracks], Misterix # 238, April 10, 1953 (page 74 of the series).

John Ford (d), Bert Glennon (p), Stagecoach, Walter Wanger, 1939.

As we can see in the film frame above, the image loses readability because of the dust. John Ford chose a flat, but dusty land to film. Not being (much, anyway) constrained by the laws of physics, Pratt didn't eliminate dust, but he controlled it as he pleased...
To avoid the dust John Ford also filmed with the camera shooting ahead of the stagecoach:

                          John Ford (d), Bert Glennon (p), Stagecoach, Walter Wanger, 1939.

In both the film and the comic, Indians fall:

Héctor Germán Oesterheld (w) and Hugo Pratt (a), "El brujo blanco" [the white wizard], Misterix # 239, April 17, 1953 (page 77 of the series).

 John Ford (d), Bert Glennon (p), Stagecoach, Walter Wanger, 1939.

In the two examples above there's a subtle difference though: the profile shot is neutral (even if we know that the plot is on the deffenders' side); the front shot below puts the viewers on the stagecoach travellers' place (the Apaches are unequivocally, "the other threatening us").

Maybe the most famous shot in this Stagecoach sequence is the extreme low angle in which the camera was put in a hole (see below):

 John Ford (d), Bert Glennon (p), Stagecoach, Walter Wanger, 1939.

Someone should explain this to me though: the Indians don't shoot one of the horses pulling the stagecoach why exactly? It would effectively and easily stop it in a complete disaster. I don't know who said that in a bad story everybody is stupid (Peter David?). 

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Pamphlets and Graphic Novels: Seth's Clyde Fans (A Case Study) - Coda

Seth was interviewed in 2006 for the POV website. Here's what he said at the time:

Seth: I am plowing ahead with the second part of my book Clyde Fans. I hope to have a good chunk of it done by the end of this year and the whole book hopefully finished up in another year after that (with luck).

Eight years later it is safe to say that we were out of luck in 2007. We're still out of luck in 2014. 
A graphic novel that's a work in progress for the last seventeen years (and counting) may present some inconsistencies in style (artists evolve, of course; or, in this case, regress). To see if it happened let's perform a little experiment:

Seth, "Clyde Fans: Part One," page 4, Palookaville # 10, Drawn & Quarterly, April 1997.

Seth, "Clyde Fans: Part Four," page 44, Palooka Ville # 21, September 2013. 

Looking at the two pages above I'm tempted to just say: judge for yourself! The differences are glaring and they aren't flattering for the Seth of 2013, far from it... 

The difference in the character's age is explained because the first page occurs in 1997 and the second one is set in 1975, so, the Abe Matchcard of 2013 is younger than the Abe Matchcard of 1997. No prob there.

Seth became more cartoony in time: Abe's body is more realistically proportioned in 1997 than in 1975. Maybe he grew up, but I doubt it. The attention to detail gives life to the set in 1997 being just a minimalistic void in 1975. This isn't bad, per se, of course. I'm just pointing inconsistencies out. 

Talking about inconsistencies, compare the stairs in the above panel (page 7 of "Clyde Fans: Part One") with the supposedly same stairs in Part Four. The stairs in Palooka Ville # 21 aren't even well drawn.

But what shocks me the most is the quality of the line (or lack thereof). The shading is also a lot better in the former example. Not to mention the beige color of the paper (a lot better than the white of Palooka Ville # 21 in my humble opinion). 

Judging from what appears in Palooka Ville # 21 (two more stories: the awfully drawn "Rubber Stamp Diary" and "Nothing Lasts" - ditto) Seth is more used to sketch in his sketchbooks these days than to calmly sit down and draw comics pages as they should be done. I know that we all need to pay our bills and the only comics that put real bred on the table are bad comics, but if an artist dedicates her or himself to greener pastures (illustration, for instance) the toll to pay is the creation of second rate work. Art is too demanding to be done in our spare time. 

Clyde Fans will be a masterpiece? I'm not so sure now... It could have been, if finished many years ago, methinks...

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Pamphlets and Graphic Novels: Seth's Clyde Fans (A Case Study)

Gregory Gallant (aka Seth) and I were both born in the early 1960s. This means that we lived the end of the pamphlet, as a vehicle for the serialization of alternative comics, and the rise of the graphic novel era in which we are living in. I have no qualms with that. On the contrary: who, being sound of mind, wants to go into those awful spaces known as comic book stores in order to buy great comics? They don't fit in there (the comics, I mean), discriminative buyers don't fit in there either...

What's my problem, then? (It's not with the term "graphic novel," that's for sure.) My problem is that during pamphlet days, when it started being serialized, I thought that "Clyde Fans" was a masterpiece in the making. Meanwhile I've been deceived by years and years of useless waiting...

Let's go to the cold facts:

"Clyde Fans" started being serialized in Palookaville # 10 (dated April 1997 and published by Drawn & Quarterly). It appeared regularly in the next issues (# 11, October 1997; # 12, May 1998; # 13, July 1999; # 14, May 2000; # 15, May 2001; # 16, December 2002; # 17, July 2004; # 18, October 2005; # 19, February 2008). It's not exactly a fast pace, but it is a pace (once a year, more or less), after all...

But, then... Seth started churning out meaningless graphic novels like Wimbledon Green (2005), George Sprott (2009), The Great Northern Brotherhood of Canadian Cartoonists (2011). "Clyde Fans" continued in Palookaville (# 20, September 2010; # 21, September 2013), but the hope of seeing it complete is getting dimmer and dimmer...

Seth, Clyde Fans Part One, Drawn & Quarterly, August 2000 (The first in a projected five booklets - which means that, initially, at least, Seth planned 5 parts; the fourth part is currently being serialized in Palookaville.) 

Seth, Clyde Fans Book One, Drawn & Quarterly, June 2004 (Clyde Fans is now projected for two books - graphic novels; four parts instead of five? Since this book was published, ten years ago! Nothing! Is it reasonable to expect this kind of loyalty from readers?)

What happened exactly? Maybe I should have asked Seth when we met in Oslo, Norway, in 2012, but I didn't, sorry! What I can do, then, is to speculate: was "Clyde Fans" being poorly received by Palookaville readers provoking a massive drop in sales? Did Seth lose interest? As I said, I really don't know... What I do know is that another comics masterpiece gets a more than erratic publishing history. 

A similar thing happened to Jason Lutes' Berlin... Continuing talking about Drawn & Quarterly I should also write a post about how Chester Brown didn't meet my high expectations, but that's another story...

Friday, July 4, 2014


Meanwhile, to be a bit childish myself (it happens), here's one of my favorite covers drawn by Hugo Pratt. Design wise (unfortunately I don't know who the designer was; Fred Zulauf, Juan Herliczka?) I love how the fire destroys the logo.

Hugo Pratt (the logo is by Pablo Pereyra), Hora Cero # 26, June 1959.